Deuteronomy 3:1, 4
Then we turned, and went up the way of Bashan: and Og the King of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.
And we took all the cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, threescore cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
Og was a giant, one of the Rephaim, a man who had a bedstead 18 ft. l 4 in. wide [v11]. Some tribes were made up of many giants; but it appears that the Rephaim branch was about exterminated.
The Argob: The name of a region east of Jordan, part of the kingdom of Og [v4; Ki. 4:13].
It was in Bashan, called the land of SACRED ROMANCE, which of course, suggest the marriages of sons of God with daughters of men, as taught in Scripture.
The giants produced by such union [after the flood] were a constant terror to Israel from the Exodus to the time of David.
The Argob, and in fact, all of Bashan was occupied by giants in ancient times is evident from the massive structure of the cities, many remains of which still exist.
Travellers say that the houses are huge blocks of basalt [dark marble], a particular feature being the almost absence of wood.
Doors, staircases, galleries, roofs and other parts of buildings are made of marble. The houses of Bashan truly show evidence of not being ordinary ones.
Some of the walls are 5 to 8 feet thick and built of large squared blocks. Roof slabs of basalt are as much as 6 inches thick while some ceilings are 20 to 30 feet high and doors are 10 feet or more high.
– see page 62 giants: Dake A.R.B.
– Dake A.R.B. : Page 210.