On the Mark of the Beast, Part 3
Ed. Note: What follows is Part Three of a three-part series on the Mark of the Beast. The author, Dr. William Welty, is the Executive Director of the ISV foundation and also serves as Research Analyst in Advanced Communication Technologies and Adjunct Professor of Middle Eastern Studies on the faculty of Koinonia Institute.
All Biblical citations are taken from the International Standard Version (ISV) translation of the Bible.
2. The Mark of the Beast
Revelation 13:18 in Codex Sinaiticus. Note the presence of horizontal markers between the lines, indicative of possible abbreviation and/or symbolism being called to the attention of the reader or copyist above the letter “o” in the Greek word “exeko” in the second to last line of the text.
The key part of the image to which we call the reader’s attention are the last two letters in the second to last line, above. They are the Greek letters kappa and omicron. They correspond to the English letters “k” and “o,” and comprise the last two letters of the Greek word that translates into English as the number “sixty” in this verse.
Please keep in mind that Codex Sinaiticus is an uncial manuscript. In other words, with the exception of a few words (such as the word for “sixty” in Revelation 13:18), all of the letters in the manuscript are CAPITAL letters. Minuscule manuscripts of the New Testament were written entirely in lower case letters. There were no early manuscripts composed with both upper and lower case letters, except as noted above when the uncial manuscript copyist was attempting to communicate an abbreviation or other matter to the attention of the reader or later copyist. Miniscule manuscripts that include Revelation 13:18 had a tendency not to spell out the words “six hundred,” “sixty,” or “six” as words, as can be seen in Codex Sinaiticus. Instead, they would only print the numeric values themselves in a row, perhaps like this: χ ξ ς. We will leave it to Arabic language experts to debate the philological resemblance between the Shahadatan and the Greek letters χ, ξ, and ς.
Summary and Conclusions
We do not believe that the Greek text of Revelation 13:18 necessarily requires that the hegemony of Anti-Christ includes absolute world-wide domination of a global currency to which adherence is a strict and involuntary requirement. The Greek text of Revelation 13 includes the clear and obvious indication that those who take the mark of the Beast will do so voluntarily, perhaps out of the same type of allegiance that influenced people in the former Soviet Union to join the Communist Party in order to enjoy the best of the benefits of that regime. Taking the mark of the Beast will be a symbol of adherence to a false religious system that rejects the hegemony of Messiah HaNaggid, the Messiah-Prince of Israel, Jesus of Nazareth.
Now as to the dangers of digital currencies, electronic money such as BitCoin, or the dangers inherent in dependence upon fiat paper money, we have little to contribute to the debate that hasn’t already been noted. We see danger in RFID technology for a variety of reasons, but none of them relate to the false religious system described in Revelation 13. In the midst of our debates about these subjects, let’s be careful to distinguish between what the text is saying, and what it’s not necessarily saying. One may, as I do, oppose RFIDs and certain types of ID chips, without seeing them as the mark of the Beast. I see them as violations of privacy and security, with private and/or government intrusion not welcome on any level without my consent.
Afterward: Toward a Biblically-based Alternative
But then again, it’s the consent issue that constitutes the problem, is it not? It seems to me, therefore, that Christians have an obligation to the world we live in to do something more significant and lasting than merely to sit back and to criticize without actually proposing practical solutions to the problems about which we write. Anybody can smell a rotten egg, but it takes a healthy chicken to lay a good one. Am I the only one who seems to have noted that an astonishingly large number of Christian objectors to RFID technology haven’t bothered to propose their own biblically-based solution to what they perceive is a problem? All these objectors seem to be doing nowadays is to criticize, to publish books, to write articles, and to distribute Internet blogs of dubious scholarly disposition about RFIDs, all the while selling lots of DVD’s and other materials about how their grammatically unsupportable theories “prove” what the Mark of the Beast is or will be.
Frankly, because I hold an alternative, contrarian position in this regard, for a number of years now I’ve been working with some international business acquaintances located in Europe and within the African Union, very quietly and out-of-the public eye, on a workable alternative to electronic, cashless transactions that depend on privacy-violating RFID chips or other intrusive technologies. We’ve done this as quietly as we reasonably can within the context of the revealing nature of the Internet so as to avoid being attacked by a hostile banking industry or by hostile government regulatory agencies such as the IMF or the World Bank.
Naturally, over the last few years, the only attacks we’ve received about our projects have come from the so-called “evangelical Christian” community. Some of the more abusive, libelous, and uninformed members of this group have accused me and Dr. Missler of being members of the Illuminati, the One-World Government, or other global elitist communities. Some of these clueless individuals have confused our watchdog role of observing various United Nations technology groups with which we’ve been affiliated with or have had membership in, as if we’re in lockstep with their one world agenda.
The truth is that, just as if there’s a wasp in the room, I intend to keep an eye on it—all the while keeping my can of bug killer in my hand—so also we monitor various U.N. agencies so we can monitor their activities.
As many of our Koinonia Institute members have observed, for a number of years now I have been involved in the development of a revolutionary new method of providing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) services via geosynchronous satellite. The primary focus of this project has been to create a global Super-Wide Area Network Satellite (SWANsat) System that, when made operational, could provide a world-wide private ICT link to facilitate secure telecommunications and ICT. It became quickly evident early in the development process that, when coupled with ultra-high security encryption capability, it could be possible to develop a means to facilitate local and international banking and commerce that could stand independent of oppression, control, or malevolent hacking attempts while still maintaining lawful economic commerce, all the while bypassing oppressive efforts to interfere with legitimate transactions.
Toward this end, one of our associate companies has developed a comprehensive payments platform that provides a mobile phone-based payment controller that can be deployed without the need for brick-and-mortar buildings, banking institutions, or point-of-sale hardware. The system is called a “2 Dimensional payment mechanism”. It provides seamless integration for all retail, e-commerce, point-of-sale, and mobile wallet payment systems with a state-of-the-art controller that operates without RFID technology or intrusive, privacy-violating inquiries from parties uninvolved in the cash transaction being undertaken between the payer and payee. The only electronics involved is the user’s mobile phone.
As developed and rolled out into the African markets by our associates at GTiPay, Ltd., it’s significant what is not involved in the newly patented system:
- 2D is not a credit card linked system.
- 2D is not a payment code linked to personal and credit card information.
- 2D is not a predetermined code with a monetary value or a voucher.
- 2D is not an e-wallet or underlying account system for individual subscription.
- 2D does not require registration from individuals (like PayPal and others do).
- 2D is not a separate mobile application to use for payment.
- 2D is not linked to Point-of-Sale hardware.
Instead, the 2D system incorporates the following positive, privacy-advocating characteristics:
- 2D is a payment mechanism alternative to card based payment systems.
- 2D is uniquely generated codes, with attributes that are instantly recognized world-wide.
- 2D is a payment online from any of the payer’s accounts, with no credit card account needed.
- 2D provides instant transaction verification world-wide.
- 2D is a payment mechanism for banks, e-wallet companies, or any account provider institute.
- 2D is free from special hardware to facilitate a payment.
This system is designed to eliminate abusive financial experiences that have been affecting citizens of Developing Countries (DC’s) and Least Developed Countries (LDC’s) within the African Union, who are subject to monopolistic abuse by international payment facilitators with respect to wire transfers, ACH transactions, and SWIFT transactions. When systems such as the 2D concept are fully rolled out world-wide, with attendant corresponding bank representations being established in other continents, the usefulness of companies such as Western Union may well become severely limited.
About the author
William P. Welty, Ph.D
Dr. Welty is Executive Director of the ISV Foundation of Bellflower, California, producers of the Holy Bible: International Standard Version. He is a graduate (M.Div., 1978) of Trinity Evangelical Divinity School of Deerfield, Illinois and holds a Ph.D. in Christian Communications (2005) from Louisiana Baptist University. Dr. Welty also serves in the dual roles of Research Analyst in Advanced Communication Technologies and Adjunct Professor of Middle Eastern Studies on the faculty of the Koinonia Institute. A copy of this paper may be downloaded from the author’s web site at http://www.williamwelty.com/william/docs/essays/Welty–On_the_Mark_of_the_Beast.pdf.
About The Holy Bible: International Standard Version
The ISV, version 2.0, produced by the ISV Foundation, is quoted exclusively herein. It was produced by a team of conservative professional biblical and lay scholars drawn from the international Christian community. It is published in a variety of electronic formats visit http://isv.org to learn more.
On the Mark of the Beast, – Part 1— Koinonia House
On the Mark of the Beast, Part 2— Koinonia House
Toward World Currency Control— Koinonia House
– FROM: KHouse.Org